Experts have gone on to say that poor diet is responsible for more deaths than any other risk factor in the world. That's about 11 million deaths every year that may be prevented by eating fewer red and processed meats, sugary drinks and trans fats - and more whole grains, nuts and fruit.
Poor diets are killing almost 11 million people a year - more than smoking, high blood pressure, or any other health risk, a major global study has found.
The authors justified this conclusion because, they said, people tended to miss their targets for good foods (fiber, fresh fruits and vegetables) more than they exceeded the recommended limits for bad ones (sugar, fatty meats). 10 million deaths were accounted to cardiovascular disease, 913,000 cancer-related deaths, and nearly 339,000 deaths from Type-2 diabetes. In one of the largest surveys of data on global dietary habits and longevity, scientists concluded that 20 percent of deaths around the world were linked to poor diets.
Smoking tobacco was associated with eight million deaths.
Afshin defined the Mediterranean diet as one with a high intake of fruits, vegetables, nuts and healthy oils, such as olive oil.
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The seven-year Global Burden of Disease Study looked at dietary factors from 1990 to 2017 in 195 countries and found people were eating too numerous wrong types of food, and too little of the food their bodies needed.
The research highlights the need for coordinated efforts from countries around the globe to improve the diet of the people through policies that drive balanced diets.
The study found a tenfold difference between countries with the highest and lowest rates of diet-related deaths. Dr. Walter Willett, a co-author of the study. So, she said that "diet is a risk factor for everybody".
In the current study, researchers developed three diet scales that took into account the overall consumption of plant-based foods, the consumption of healthful plant-based foods (such as whole grains, fruits, vegetables and nuts), and the consumption of lower-quality plant-based foods (such as fruit juices, refined grains, potatoes and sweets). Low intake of whole grains - below 125 grams per day -was found to be a leading dietary risk factor for death and disease in India, the US, Brazil, Pakistan, Nigeria, Russia, Egypt, Germany, Iran, and Turkey.
"A menu of integrated policy interventions across whole food systems, internationally and within countries, is essential to support the radical shift in diets needed to optimize human, and protect planetary health", said Prof. This report used 2016 data from the GBD study to estimate how far the world is from the healthy diet proposed.