The reason for the experiment is to gather insight and provide feedback and modifications to a proposed law introduced in the Russian Parliament in December 2018.
The test, due to be held before 1 April, will keep all data circulating between Russian citizens and organisations within the country's borders rather than passing through global routes.
It's supposed to take place sometime before April 1, as this is the last day for submitting amendments to the proposed law. Natalya Kaspersky, Director of Russian cyber-security firm InfoWatch, and co-founder of Kaspersky Lab, presides over the group, which also includes major Russian telcos such as MegaFon, Beeline, MTS, RosTelecom, and others.
Average Russians would not lose internet access; the plan would instead change how internet traffic is handled on the back-end.
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Internet providers are effectively planning to flick the switch and cut Russian Federation off from the rest of the not-so-world wide web.
It requires Russian ISPs to ensure they can continue to function even if disconnected by a foreign aggressor.
The Russian government has been working on this project for years.
The test is being carried out as Russian Federation faces numerous sanctions threats from North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and others over its alleged use of cyber-hacking tactics in global espionage.
He added that it will be hard for them to shut down all the outside router points if they want to carry out the test, since they have to attack different servers from hundreds of providers, while only some of the providers are Russian companies. This initiative has been compared to China's Great Firewall, which allows the Chinese government to control the flow of information across the internet.