The January crash occurred just outside the royal family's Sandringham estate when the Duke's auto collided with another vehicle, injuring passenger Emma Fairweather.
The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) will examine the file and will decide whether to prosecute any individual if there is enough evidence.
The Duke of Edinburgh has chose to give up driving and voluntarily surrender his licence to police following a recent crash near Sandringham, Buckingham Palace has announced.
"We review each file carefully before a decision is made and will take this development into account".
He apologised for his part in an accident on the Sandringham estate in Norfolk when his Land Rover Freelander collided with another auto on January 17, leaving two women needing hospital treatment.
Both women were treated at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in King's Lynn and were discharged later that night.
Norfolk Police confirmed Philip had "voluntarily surrendered his licence to officers".
He escaped injury, but Emma Fairweather, a passenger in the Kia, broke her wrist.
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The prince was unharmed but was reported to have been significantly shaken by the accident, particularly as one of the occupants of the other vehicle - who was not hurt - turned out to be a nine-month-old baby.
The Duke of Edinburgh has surrendered his driving licence after being involved in a crash and then being spotted behind the wheel without a seatbelt.
He also wished her a "speedy recovery" from what he described as a "very distressing experience".
"It was a bright sunny day and at about three in the afternoon, the sun was low over the Wash".
He was given "suitable words of advice" according to Norfolk Police.
Prince Philip has given up his driving licence after a crash near the Sandringham Estate.
Two days after the accident, Prince Philip was seen behind the wheel of a new vehicle and was given "suitable words of advice" by police when he was photographed not wearing a seatbelt while on a public road.