Nafta: US and Canada reach new trade deal

Canada and US agree last-minute trade deal

Trump hails 'wonderful new trade deal' with Mexico and Canada

The United States, Canada and Mexico reached an agreement late on Sunday, Sept. 30, to update the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

"Our approach from the start has been to hope for the best, but prepare for the worst, so Canada is prepared for every eventuality", she said at the Liberal cabinet retreat.

But he noted that the agreement would need to be ratified by Congress, a step that could be affected by the outcome of the fall elections as Democrats seek to regain majorities in the House and Senate. Mexico agreed to allow imports of certain U.S. cheeses. In early September this year, talks between Canada and the U.S. over NAFTA became heated, with the USA threatening to withdraw from the existing agreement and warning Congress not to interfere with negotiations.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called it "a good day for Canada". Since 1994, when NAFTA went into effect, the US has had $1.033 trillion of goods trade deficits with Mexico and $923.4 billion with Canada, which is directly subtracted from the Gross Domestic Product. It's less severe than the US's original demand for a sunset clause, which would have forced each side to recertify the deal every five years to keep it in effect.

"I'm hearing that people are extremely anxious about where this is going, and people use language behind the scenes like "it looks like the Americans are driving towards a cliff on this, and Canada will have to follow" and we don't want to see that", said member of Canada's NAFTA Advisory Council Rona Ambrose on CTV's Question Period back in October 2017.

"We will be manufacturing many more cars", Trump said.

"As someone who voted against NAFTA and opposed it for many years, I knew it needed fixing". ISRI says reports indicated that those negotiations "will happen separately but no timeline was given".

In Ottawa, Trudeau hailed the agreement as "profoundly beneficial for our economy, for Canadian families and for the middle class". And the Liberals have failed to get any assurance that the US will lift aluminum and steel tariffs. President Donald Trump has log criticized NAFTA and promised to renegotiate the deal.

In fact, the US has always been a manufacturing powerhouse and by some projections - made before he took office - is expected to be No. 1 in 2020.

When Canada was added as a result of the agreement reached at the eleventh hour on Sunday, the agreement was called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). It replaces NAFTA, which Trump has lambasted as a job-wrecking disaster that has hollowed out the nation's industrialized base. It also comes ahead of the United States midterm elections next month, which could be challenging for the president. "Japan and Europe, as well as the rest of the world, should be on notice that this may be the price of admission to a trade deal with the U.S".

According to reports, the USMCA includes increased access to the Canadian dairy market for us farmers, along with increased labor protections for workers. Since their agreement was announced in late August, Freeland and theCanadian negotiating team have been back and forth to Washington, D.C. for discussions to try to maintain the trilateral agreement before the USA and Mexico embark on their own trade agreement.

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It offers Canada protection if Mr Trump goes ahead with plans to impose tariffs on cars, lorries and vehicle parts imported into the United States.

In USMCA's Rules of Origin, ISRI notes that waste and scrap "maintain the same origin classification as in the NAFTA in that scrap materials are considered "originating" in North America if processed in one of three countries ... as well as derived from used goods collected in one of the three countries for purposes of extracting raw materials".

Other key aspects include lengthening the patents on biologic pharmaceuticals by two years to 10 years from eight, and increasing the amount Canadians can spend online at USA retailers without paying duty to $150 from $20.

Before the press conference, Trudeau and Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland, who led the Canadian team of negotiators throughout the trilateral talks, spent Monday morning briefing premiers of Canadian provinces about the details of the new agreement which is expected to have an impact across industries and regions of the country.

"The number one export industry in the country is the auto industry", he said, adding that Trump's threat to impose 25 percent tariffs on Canadian automobiles and parts was also off the table.

"This is tremendous news for our north country economy, and I applaud USA and Canadian negotiators for their tireless work on this important agreement", Ms. Stefanik wrote in a statement.

"Both Ontario and our partners to the south succeed when we can trade easily. To me, it's the most important word in trade".

"Aggressive unilateral action is making deals more possible", said Michael Stumo, CEO of the Coalition for a Prosperous America, which supports a combative USA trade policy. Canada is by far the No. 1 destination for USA exports, and the US market accounts for 75 percent of what Canada sells overseas.

The US made a deal with Mexico in August, but relations with Canada over the trade pact had become increasingly strained in recent weeks. "Without tariffs, we wouldn't be standing here", he said. Uncertainty over the fate of NAFTA talks had threatened to batter Mexico's currency and economic outlook.

Lawmakers from Trump's Republican party expressed relief that the USA and Canada managed to salvage the trilateral pact.

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